Pali 101 – Pali for Beginners
Level One – Course Overview
(Copyright) Dhamma USA)

All inquiries and the given exercises should be emailed to info@dhammausa.com 
Please make sure you turn your exercises two days prior to the next class. 
………………….

Prescribed Text -  The New Pali Course Part I by Prof. A.P. Buddhadatta

Video Updates so far:
  1. Introduction and Lesson 1 - Pali Alphabet pronunciation
  2. Course Overview
Pali 101 – Pali for Beginners
Level One – Lesson 3
(Copyright) Dhamma USA)

All inquiries and the given exercises should be emailed to info@dhammausa.com 
Please make sure you turn your exercises two days prior to the next class. 
………………….
Declension of Nouns

Akārānta Pullinga Nara Sadda
(Nara is a masculine stem, ending in -a)
‘a’ sound ending masculine Nara stem
Akārānta - ‘a’ sound ending
Pullinga – Masculine
Nara Sadda – Nara Noun stem (sound)

Akārānta Pullinga Nara Sadda
(Declension of the Masculine noun Nara ending ‘a’ sound)
Vibhatti = Case
Ekavacana = Singular
Bahuvacana = Plural
Pathamā Vibhatti
Naro = Man
Narā = Men
Ālapana Vibhatti
(He) Nara, Narā = (O!) Man
(Bhavanto) Narā = (O!) Men
Dutiyā Vibhatti
Naram = Man
Nare = Men
Tatiyā Vibhatti
Narena = by the Man
Narebhi, Narehi = by the Men
Catutthi Vibhatti
Narāya, Narassa = to/for the Man
Narānam = to/for the Men
Pañcamī Vibhatti
Narā, Naramhā, Narasmā = from/off the Man
Narebhi, Narehi = from/ off the Men
Chatthi Vibhatti
Narassa = of the Man
Narānam = of the Men
Sattamī Vibhatti
Nare, Naramhi, Narasmim = in/on/at the Man
Naresu = in/on/at the Man

Inflections or case-endings of the above declension

Vibhatti = Case
Ekavacana = Singular
Bahuvacana = Plural
PathamāVibhatti
Nara+o = Naro
Nara+ā = Narā
Ālapana Vibhatti
(He) Nar+a =Nara, Nara+ā =Narā 
(Bhavanto) Nara+ā = Narā
Dutiyā Vibhatti
Nar+am = Naram
Nara+e = Nare
Tatiyā Vibhatti
Nara+ena = Narena
Nara+ebhi, Nara+ehi = Narebhi, Narehi
Catutthi Vibhatti
Nara+āya, Nara+assa = Narāya, Narassa
Nara+ānam = Narānam
Pañcamī Vibhatti
Nara+ā, Nara+amhā, Nara+asmā = Narā, Naramhā, Narasmā
Nara+ebhi, Nara+ehi = Narebhi, Narehi
Chatthi Vibhatti
Nara+assa = Narassa
Nara+ānam = Narānam
Sattamī Vibhatti
Nara+e, Nara+amhi, Nara+asmim = Nare, Naramhi, Narasmim
Nara+esu = Naresu

Akaranta Pullinga Buddha Sadda
(Declension of the Masculine noun Buddha ending ‘a’ sound)
Vibhatti = Case
Ekavacana = Singular
Bahuvacana = Plural
Pathamā Vibhatti
Buddho = Buddha
Buddha = Buddhas
Ālapana Vibhatti
(He) Buddha, Buddhā = (O!) Buddha
(Bhavanto) Buddhā = (O!) Buddhas
Dutiyā Vibhatti
Buddham = Buddha
Buddhe = Buddhas
Tatiyā Vibhatti
Buddhena = by the Buddha
Buddhebhi, Buddhehi = by the Buddhas
Catutthi Vibhatti
Buddhāya, Buddhassa = to/for the Buddha
Buddhānam = to/for the Buddhas
Pañcamī Vibhatti
Buddhā, Buddhamhā, Buddhasmā = from/off the Buddha
Buddhebhi, Buddhehi = from/ off the Buddhas
Chatthi Vibhatti
Buddhassa = of the Buddha
Buddhānam = of the Buddhas
Sattamī Vibhatti
Buddhe, Buddhamhi, Buddhasmim = in/on/at the Buddha
Buddhesu = in/on/at the Buddhas

Some Nouns similar to this pattern of declension:

Human Being & Human Body Parts
1.    Manussa = Human being
2.    Hattha = Hand
3.    Pāda = Leg; Foot
4.    Kāya = Body
5.    Putta = Son
6.    Kumāra = Boy
7.    Vānija = Merchant
8.    Cora = Thief
9.    Mitta = Friend
10. Dāsa = Slave
11. Bhūpāla = King
12. Kassaka = Farmer
13. Lekhaka = Clerk, Writer, Secretary
14. Mañca = Bed
15. Āhāra = Food
16. Manussa = Man 
17. Nara = Man 

Nature & Places
18. Rukkha = Tree
19. Pāsāna = Rock; Stone
20. Gāma = Village
21. Āloka = Light
22. Loka = World
23. Ākāsa = Sky
24. Suriya = Sun
25. Canda = Moon
26. Magga = Path
27. Dīpa = Island; Lamp

Dhamma & Spiritual Related
28. Dhamma = Dhamma
29. Sangha = Sangha 
30. Deva = Deity; god
31. Sura = Deity 
32. Vihāra = Monastery

Animals, Snakes & Birds
33. Assa = Horse
34. Gona = Ox
35. Sunakha = Dog
36. Vānara = Monkey
37. Sakuna = Bird
38. Aja = Goat
39. Kāka = Crow
40. Uraga = Snake 
41. Nāga = Dragon, Cobra 
42. Yakkha = Demon 
43. Kinnara = Mermaid 
44. Turanga = Horse 
45. Varāha = Pig 
46. Sīha = Lion 
47. Vyaggha = Leopard 
48.  Kacchapa = Turtle  
49.  Miga = Deer; Beast
50.  Sona = Dog 
51. Bilāla = Cat 

Exercise 1

Translate into English

1.  Manussānam
2.     Purise
3.     Hattham
4.     Pādamhi
5.     Kāyena
6.     Buddhesu
7.     Dhammam
8.     Sanghamhā
9.     Suriye
10.  Rukkhassa
11.  Ākāsena
12.  Bhūpālebhi
13.  Devā
14.  Candam
15.  Gāmasmā
16.  Gonāya
17.  Sīhānam
18.  Asso
19.  Sakuna
20.  Mañcasmim


Translate into Pali

1.     The dogs
2.     Of the hand
3.     On the men
4.     From the tree
5.     In the islands
6.     With the foot
7.     By the hands
8.     To the lion
9.     Of the oxen
10.  From the birds
11.  By the king
12.  O deity
13.  To the sun
14.  In the sky
15.  Through the body
16.  On the bed
17.  Of the moons
18.  In the world
19.  The monkey
20.  Through the light

Exercise 2

Translate into English

1.     Purisassa gono
2.     Manussānam hatthā
3.     Ākāsamhi sakunā
4.     Buddhassa dhammo
5.     Mañcesu manussā
6.     Assānam pādā
7.     Rukkhe sakuno
8.     Pāsānamhi gono
9.     Lokasmim manussā
10.  Bhūpālassa dīpā

Translate into Pali

1.     The body of the ox
2.     The bird on the tree
3.     The island of the world
4.     With the feet of the man
5.     By the hand of the monkey
6.     Of the birds in the sky
7.     In the doctrine of the Buddha
8.     The villages of the king
9.     The birds from the tree
10.  The horse on the path


Pali 101 – Pali for Beginners
Level One – Lesson 2
(Copyright) Dhamma USA)

All inquiries and the given exercises should be emailed to info@dhammausa.com 
Please make sure you turn your exercises two days prior to the next class. 
………………….

Lesson 2 will cover pages 3-4 of The New Pali Course Part I by Prof. A.P. Buddhadatta

Parts of Speech

Nāma - Noun
Ākhyāta - Verb
Upasagga - Prefix
Nipāta – Indeclinable Particle

Gender, Number and Case

Gender
Pullinga – Masculine
Itthilinga – Feminine
Napumsakalinga – Neuter

Number
Eka Vacana – Singular
Bahu Vacana – Plural

Case
Pathamā Vibhatti – Nominative Case
Ālapana Vibhatti – Vocative Case
Dutiyā Vibhatti – Accusative Case
Tatiyā Vibhatti – Ablative of Agent Case
Karana Vibhatti – Ablative of Instrument Case
Catutthi Vibhatti – Dative Case
Pañcamī Vibhatti – Ablative of Separation Case
Chatthi Vibhatti – Possessive or Genitive Case
Sattamī Vibhatti – Locative Case